Villey le sec
Villey le sec people also locally named the Trabecs, wish you a happy new year.

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Drinking water in the village

by Danièle URIOT

In 1894, Villey-le-sec, which is at the end of a limestone plateau, has no sources and is 120 meters above the level of the Moselle (hence its qualifier le sec).

Still, there is at least one well in every house! This is because the subsoil is formed by alternating layers of porous limestone and impermeable marl. The layers of limestone full of cracks act as a sponge, thus serving as water reservoirs.

When all these aquifers are full, the surplus water flows either towards the north (towards Toul and Gondreville), or towards the east (the center of the village and the Fays), or towards the south (rue de la Géologie and the Moselle).

The flows in the direction of Gondreville allowed the residents to establish a fountain. The residents began to collect this water at the entrance to the village on the Toul side, in a small reservoir which is now located under the road.

This being no longer sufficient, they fitted out a second cistern about a hundred meters away when coming towards the village, its access is in the retaining wall bordering the road. The meeting of these two reservoirs was channeled towards a drinking trough at the place of the current fountain.

To fight against a water shortage following a deficit of precipitation, the solution was to make enough reserves to last long enough between two periods of rain. Thus in 1894, a cistern of 800 m3 was built, just above the fountain. Three washing tubs were also added to the drinking troughs to give birth to the fountain that we know today.

On September 2, 1926, the municipal council voted 160 francs to pay the man of the art who carried out a preliminary study with a view to determining the aquifer resources of the municipality. The council is requesting the appointment of a geologist to search for drinking water.

The 1st February 1930 study for water supply.

On October 13, 1939, the municipal council ordered the study of a water supply project for the municipality by the Rural Engineering, which was offered free of charge.
In 1945, he asked for a development plan to bring up the water from the Moselle. Indeed the town does not have a source of drinking water. We must therefore take water from the Moselle, and therefore bring it up to the village and create a reserve, a water tower.

In 1949 the city council chose and appointed a person for the establishment and to monitor the water supply file.

In 1950 the council encountered too little state subsidization, the municipality’s participation in this expense was too heavy and its resources insufficient, a large loan would be very difficult. The municipal council asks the Rural Engineering to reconsider the project downwards and to seek possible financial aid. 1954, the financing is established, the municipality provides for a special tax on the resident to help carry out this work in progress.

The work to be planned was colossal, there was a need for a pumping station at the bottom, a pipe to bring water back to the village, along the rue de la Gare, a water tower, pipes in the streets and connections to the houses and a cistern in the square as a fire reserve.

1955, water supply works are still in progress. The winning bidder Barbe is continuing its task. Excavations for the laying of the discharge pipe are in progress. 10 connections have already been made. There are still 60 to do.

The cistern which must constitute the water reserve of the municipality on the square takes shape to create a watertight tank.

The town has never lacked water with the wells in the houses and the water reserve that had been built at the fountain.
The water tower is under construction (Newspaper photo from 1955).

Construction du château d’eau

In 1956 the residents had water in the house, on the "water stones", sink.
Creation in the municipality of the first municipal fountain station. He was responsible for monitoring the network and reading the meters in order to bill the water consumption.

Everyone was happy, everything seemed to be fine!

Le château d’eau

Well no, in 1973 the village was deprived of drinking water for more than a week. A breakdown in the pipe that supplied the water tower. During the restoration work, the firefighters supplied the village with drinking water.

Water was a recurring problem until the 1980s. The quality of the water which was drawn from the Moselle in the plain was loaded with mineral elements, especially manganese. I had to throw out the entire contents of my washing machine which came out all manganese brown and unrecoverable.

We have often made petitions.

The war-weary Mayor Claude Prévot one morning brought the prefect a sample of our water.

The new Moselle pipeline did not help our problem.
After much discussion, wells were installed in the Moselle valley "at Radelot" at a sufficient distance to filter the water through alluvium. The discharge pipe was installed in the forest and a pumping station was built in a meadow, on the plateau, at the end of the white road. We put in pipes to fill the water tower for this path.

It was a big job but the water problem was solved and we have drinking water.

The fountain keeper carried out his duties until 1987, I established water roles at the town hall to collect the royalties. Then the municipality put in control the water supply to the company of the SAUR.

The installation of a municipal sewage treatment plant is planned at the bottom of the village.